Coronavirus disease COVID-19
In Slovenia, the first infection with the novel coronavirus was confirmed on 4 March 2020. An increase in testing helps us monitor the epidemiological situation in the country and, on the basis of the number of positive tests, measures to contain the spread of the novel coronavirus in the population are adopted and adjusted.
Data on the spread of Covid-19 infections are collected by the Ministry of Health and the National Institute of Public Health. The current data collected up to midnight of the previous day are published online and on social media every day by noon.
Wear a face mask
Masks are mandatory:
- in all closed public spaces,
- on public transport,
- in open public spaces or outside, if a distance of at least 1,5 metres is not maintained and
- in personal vehicles.
Masks are not compulsory for:
- children younger than six years of age;
- primary school pupils up to and including the 5th grade,but only when they are in their classrooms;
- preschool teachers and their assistants when they interact with children;
- teachers at higher vocational colleges and universities if they lecture behind a protective barrier made of glass or a similar material;
- persons practicing individual sports if a distance of at least three metres is maintained;
- persons or members of the same household when taking a walk on green spaces or practicing sports or recreational activities if a distance of at least 1,5 metres is maintained at all times;
- in personal vehicles when more than one person or member of the same household is in the vehicle;
- direct communication with deaf and hard-of-hearing people (if it is possible to maintain a distance of two metres) and Slovenian sign language interpreters.
Are you worried that you have been infected?
If you are ill (coughing, have a fever or difficulty breathing)
- Stay at home and avoid contact with other people.
- Call your doctor or, if he or she is not available, the emergency medical service. After talking to you, the doctor will assess whether suspicion of infection with the novel coronavirus is justified or not. If he or she decides that the suspicion is justified, you will receive instructions what to do by phone.
Do not visit your doctor, the emergency medical service or a hospital in person. When in need of emergency medical care, please call first.
The most frequent symptoms
The Covid-19 disease, caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, is most commonly manifested by an infected person feeling unwell, fatigued, having cold symptoms and/or fever, coughing, and in more severe cases shortness of breath. A typical feature of more severe cases of infection is pneumonia.
Novel coronavirus infections cannot be distinguished from other acute respiratory infections, including pneumonia, based solely on the progress of the disease and the patient’s difficulties. Microbiological testing is required to confirm or exclude an infection.
The novel coronavirus is transmitted between humans via droplets of saliva that people sneeze or cough. This means that close contact with an infected person at a distance of less than 1.5 metres is required for transmission.
Infected persons must isolate
Those who have tested positive for the novel coronavirus are ordered to isolate by their doctor. They are not allowed to leave their homes, must limit their contacts and strictly follow the recommendations for preventing the spread of the Covid-19 disease. During isolation they are entitled to sick leave.
Social distancing is recommended for those who have been in contact with a Covid-19 positive and infectious person. Contacts between family members pose the highest risk of the transmission of the novel coronavirus.
Social distancing is only recommended and not ordered because such persons are not on sick leave. Furthermore, it is recommended that in agreement with their employer, they work from home. If they cannot perform their work at home, they should self-monitor and stop coming to work when they detect the first symptom. It is recommended that they do not have any contacts outside their household, and consistently maintain a safe distance of two metres from other people in public spaces.
Quarantine at home
A person who has been in close contact with another person who tested positive in a coronavirus test, or came from abroad (from a red listed country), must limit their contact with other people. This means that the healthy person must quarantine themselves at home, i.e. self-isolate at their permanent, temporary, or other address of residence. The quarantine lasts 10 days from the last high risk contact, or from entering Slovenia. The purpose of the quarantine at home is to prevent the spread of infection.
In the case of a person who has been in high-risk contact with the COVID-19 pathogen, the measure of home quarantine shall not be applied if the person:
- has recovered from COVID-19 and less than six months have elapsed since a positive PCR test,
- has been vaccinated against COVID-19 if less than six months have elapsed since the establishment of protection, and:
- at least seven days have elapsed since the second dose of the Biontech/Pfizer Comirnaty vaccine, at least 14 days have elapsed since vaccination with the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine, at least 14 days have elapsed since vaccination with the Sputnik vaccine produced by Russia's Gamaleya National Centre of Epidemiology and Microbiology, at least 14 days have elapsed since vaccination with the CoronaVac produced by Sinovac Biotech, at least 14 days have elapsed since vaccination with the COVID-19 Vaccine produced by Sinopharm,
- at least 21 days have elapsed since vaccination with the first dose of Vaxzevria (COVID-19 Vaccine) produced by AstraZeneca or the Covishield vaccine produced by the Serum Institute of India/AstraZeneca,
- at least 14 days have elapsed since vaccination with the Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine produced by Johnson and Johnson/Janssen-Cilag, or
- has recovered from COVID-19 and has been vaccinated with a single dose of a vaccine referred to in the previous point within a maximum period of eight months since a positive result of a PCR test or the onset of symptoms, with protection established from the day of vaccination.
Persons with a confirmed infection must inform other close contacts
An epidemiologist will instruct the person who tested positive in the coronavirus test to inform all those with whom the person has been in close contact. If the person has installed the mobile application #OstaniZdrav, then the person shall enter the TAN code received from the epidemiologist, after which all the other contacts who have the application installed will be informed about the contact risk.
All those who have been informed that they have been in close contact with an infected person (both directly from the infected person, as well as via the mobile application #OstaniZdrav), must stay home and act in line with the NIJZ instructions on quarantine at home.
Be mindful of cough hygiene and regular hand washing
- Stay home if you are taken ill.
- Avoid staying in enclosed spaces, provide for regular ventilation.
- Avoid close contact with people who show signs of infectious disease.
- Observe the rules of cough hygiene and regularly wash your hands with soap and warm water.
- If soap and water are not available, use hand disinfectant intended for that purpose. Use hand disinfectant that contains at least 60% alcohol. Hand disinfectant is intended for external use only. Surface cleaners or disinfectants are not intended for cleaning or disinfecting your skin.
- It is important to first rinse your hands under warm running water.
- Scrub both hands with soap, which should be applied to the entire surface of your hands (the palms and the backs of your hands, between the fingers and around the thumbs, under fingernails), for one minute.
- Thoroughly rinse the soap off your hands with warm water.
- Pat your hands dry with a single-use paper towel. Use the paper towel to turn off the tap; do not touch the tap with your freshly washed hands.
- Hand disinfection is mandatory in enclosed public spaces.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
- When you feel like coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a paper tissue. If you do not have one, cough or sneeze into the upper part of your sleeve.
- Dispose of the tissue in a waste bin after every use.
- After coughing or sneezing, wash your hands with soap and water every time.