Skip to main content

Combating trafficking in human beings

Trafficking in human beings is a phenomenon that occurs in all parts of modern society; it is becoming a structural element of some industries; and above all it grossly encroaches on the rights and fundamental freedoms of the individual who becomes a victim of such trafficking or exploitation.
  • Trafficking in human beings

    Trafficking in human beings includes all forms of recruitment, sale or transfer of vulnerable individuals or groups for the purpose of their exploitation in the form of prostitution or other kinds of sexual abuse, forced labour, slavery, servitude and forced participation in criminal acts.

  • Detection, investigation and prosecution

    Trafficking in human beings is among those criminal offences that are the most strongly related to socio-economic conditions at both the local and the global levels. Its forms are therefore constantly changing and adapting, which requires that law enforcement authorities carefully monitor the situation and maintain close inter-ministerial cooperation in order to identify and prosecute it.

  • Prevention and awareness-raising

    Preventive action is of key importance in combating trafficking in human beings. A number of activities are aimed at raising awareness within vulnerable groups as well as among the general public and various professionals whose work relates to trafficking in human beings. Preventive activities are also targeted at consumers and users of services provided by the victims of trafficking in human beings.

  • Assistance to and protection of victims

    In Slovenia, assistance to the victims of trafficking in human beings is provided by the Ključ Society, Slovene Philanthropy and Caritas Slovenia. Assistance to the victims of human trafficking is provided through crisis and safe accommodation programmes as well as (re)integration programmes for victims of trafficking.

  • Legislation and international documents

    - National legislation

    - Case law

    - International documents

The risk of trafficking in human beings as a result of the war in Ukraine

As a result of the war in Ukraine, the EU is currently facing the biggest refugee crisis since World War II. According to recent estimates, around 12 million people have been forced to leave their homes. More than 5 million Ukrainians have left the country to seek refuge in EU countries, mainly women and children, who are particularly vulnerable in terms of trafficking in human beings.

Many people are offering assistance to Ukrainian citizens, including lodging in private premises, offering work, and offering transport to other regions or even other countries. There may, however, also be traps behind certain offers and apparent assistance that could turn individuals into victims of trafficking in human beings.

In the accommodation facilities in Logatec and Debeli Rtič, cases were detected where individuals were looking for or attempting to establish contacts with women refugees from Ukraine. They also offered marriage arrangements and accommodation in private apartments in exchange for providing sexual services and performing various household chores. A suspicious ad offering a job in the fashion industry was also detected.

The National Working Group on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings therefore points to the risks posed by the crisis in Ukraine in relation to human trafficking. Traffickers aim to exploit victims, most often through prostitution, sexual abuse, forced labour, servitude, commission of crime, begging and organ trafficking. In this regard, the process of trafficking in human beings, while being exploited or for the purpose of exploitation, includes other actions of traffickers, such as recruitment, transportation, relocation, providing shelter and the use of certain means, such as force, threat, deception, kidnapping, abuse of a subordinate or dependent position, giving or receiving payment or other benefits; all with the intention of gaining consent or control over the victim.

If you detect suspicious circumstances or if you think that an individual may be a victim of trafficking in human beings or if you could become one yourself, call the Police or contact non-governmental and humanitarian organisations that work in the field of combating human trafficking. The list of them and contact details are provided on this website.

Be alert, stay safe — tips for Ukrainians

VIDEO - Stay Alert_UK

Don't Become a Victim of Human Trafficking

  • Do not hand over your personal documents and your mobile phone to anyone.
  • Be careful when communicating with strangers online and using social networks.
  • Do not trust strangers who force help on you, pretend to be your friends and show you excessive attention.
  • In job offers, get and check as much information as possible about the employer.
  • Be careful with the people who offer you or force transport on you, or promise you accommodation or work.
  • If you are travelling in a car with a stranger, ask for the exact address and their phone number and insist that they show you their ID.
  • Agree on the price of the transport before departure.
  • Write down or photograph the registration number of the car and give it to somebody whom you trust.
  • While travelling, stay in touch with people you trust and let them know where you are.
  • In each country or neighbourhood where you are staying, find out where you can get help if you need it (police station, humanitarian organisations, etc.). Learn about their locations and contact details.
  • Take action at the very first signs of coercion, violence or suspicious circumstances.