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The National Spatial Order is used in spatial planning, in issuing spatial intervention permits and in carrying out other spatial planning tasks.

Basic rules of spatial planning

  • The national spatial plan sets out 21 basic rules relating to the following topics:

    • cooperation and coordination in formulating and decision-making on spatial development;
    • evaluation of impacts;
    • Overriding public interest;
    • rational use of physical space;
    • recognisability of settlements and landscape;
    • spatial planning in areas with environmental restrictions;
    • regulation of the sea;
    • spatial development for settlement;
    • settlement development zone;
    • internal development of settlements;
    • expansion of the settlement development zone;
    • long-term settlement development zone;
    • provision of sufficient areas of public use in settlements;
    • planning of social infrastructure;
    • maintaining individual settlement;
    • spatial planning in other regulatory areas, spatial planning in other settlement development zones,
    • public service infrastructure planning;
    • spatial planning units;
    • land use allocation;
    • setting spatial implementation conditions:
    • criteria for designating building plots.
    • The basic rules are set out in the Spatial Planning Act,

Detailed rules of spatial planning

The detailed rules of spatial planning are derived from the basic spatial planning rules. They are adopted by a government decree on the proposal of the ministry responsible for spatial planning and on the basis of the opinion of the government commission for spatial development. They are drawn up and adopted for the country as a whole, but also for smaller territorial and functional units according to the recognisable characteristics and needs of a particular area.

The detailed rules determine the criteria and the minimum standards for the high-quality urban design of settlement areas and landscape. A good and healthy living and working environment is ensured through spatial planning in the processes of drawing up spatial planning documents

that are aimed at providing high-quality tools to municipalities where they will be upgraded by them and will contribute to new high-quality settlement patterns with a recognisable spatial identity.