Social security while working abroad
Since the EU does not have a single social security system, every state maintains its own national system. However, the EU defines common regulations protecting the social rights of its citizens upon relocation to another country following the principles of applying the legislation of one country, equal treatment, aggregation of insurance periods, transferability of rights and calculation of benefits. The provisions offer practical answers to the questions of which country is competent and in what manner and to what extent it is competent, furthermore regulating the provision of particular social security rights regarding the payment of social security contributions, medical treatment, pensions, benefits for frontier workers.
Common EU regulations apply to citizens of the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland who are or were insured by the system of one of these countries and to their family members.
To ensure a more effective protection of individuals moving across Europe, the EESSI information system is being established to help social security institutions in the EU achieve a faster and safer exchange of information in accordance with EU rules. The system enables a faster consideration of individual cases and accelerates the calculation and payment of social benefits.
Slovenia has concluded bilateral agreements on social-security harmonisation with those third countries with which it traditionally has a larger labour force exchange. These countries are Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Canada, the US, Argentina, Australia, and the Republic of Korea.