Sound management of chemicals
Sound management of chemicals is aimed at preventing or, where this is not possible, minimising their harmful effects on people and the environment. Sound management includes the prevention, restriction, reduction and elimination of risks throughout the life-cycle of chemicals and the remediation of potential consequences. It covers everything from production, storage and transport to the use and disposal of waste.
Adequate legislation, effective monitoring, access to all necessary data, and proper education of and awareness on the part of both persons with responsibilities in the area and the general public are essential for the sound management of chemicals. It is imperative to possess appropriate knowledge of the use of alternative substances, best practices and best available technologies. Reliable risk assessment, effective control and the systems in place for dealing with chemical accidents are also required. All this, however, calls for sufficient resources.
Slovenian legislation is based on and derives from the requirements and rules emerging at three international levels, i.e. the EU level, the OECD level and the highest international level (i.e. conventions, international treaties and recommendations adopted by the UN, IFCS and other international bodies or adopted in the context of bilateral or multilateral agreements between countries). These are often narrowly focused and relate to specific areas, however, so a new overarching umbrella mechanism, called the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM), was adopted in Dubai in 2006 as a link between the requirements of international legal acts at the widest international level and also as an upgrading thereof.