The polluter pays principle
The oldest environmental principle, the "polluter pays principle", stipulates that the polluter covers all the costs of the prescribed measures for the prevention and reduction of pollution and environmental risk, the use of the environment, and the elimination of the consequences of the environmental burden, including the costs of implementing preventive and remedial measures in the event of environmental damage.
For the purposes of waste prevention, including the reuse of products and the preparation for reuse, recycling and other types of waste recovery after the end-of-life of certain products, extended producer responsibility may be stipulated for producers of such products. This determines the producer’s obligations throughout the product life-cycle, though users are most familiar with the obligations on products’ end-of-life. Waste management under extended producer responsibility is currently in force for the following mass waste streams: packaging, electrical and electronic equipment, portable batteries and accumulators, candles for graves, plant protection products containing hazardous substances, medicinal drugs, and end-of life tyres and vehicles.