Soil conservation is vitally important
The umbrella legislation on soil protection and management in the European Union is still being harmonised, so it is up to the Member States to regulate this area. In Slovenia, soil is protected by environmental legislation (quality standards for hazardous substances in the soil, waste and prevention of industrial pollution), partly by legislation on water management, spatial planning and agriculture, and partly by EU legislation. The 2006 Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection proposes ensuring sustainable use of soil, protecting its functions, preventing further soil degradation and ensuring the restoration of degraded soils. The area is also partly covered in the seventh Union Environment Action Programme to 2020, "Living well, within the limits of our planet", which highlights the importance of healthy soils for human well-being and economic performance and treats measures to reduce human pressure on land, soil and other ecosystems in Europe as a priority objective. The EU Biodiversity Strategy by 2030 focuses on the conservation and enhancement of ecosystems and their services by establishing green infrastructure. The Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe is committed to preventing soil degradation due to erosion and to maintaining and increasing organic matter levels in soil. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development focuses on combating desertification and the restoration of degraded land and soil. The Alpine Convention and the Soil Conservation Protocol adopted within the framework of said convention set objectives for soil conservation and its natural functions. In recent years, soil protection and sustainable soil management have also played an important role in the Global Soil Partnership and the European Soil Partnership of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
Slovenian Soil Partnership was established in 2017. It is a voluntary association of organisations and individuals from Slovenia who wish to contribute to sustainable soil management and soil protection. The aims of Slovenian Soil Partnership are to establish a platform for transferring acquired knowledge and information on soil and to providing information on existing and emerging legal and strategic documents on soil protection and sustainable use at national and international levels and the obligations arising from these documents.