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In order to provide for pension benefits, the state promotes a higher employment rate among the active population. In this context, one of the biggest challenges is the ageing population and the subsequent need to extend the working lives of older persons and facilitate early access to the labour market for young people immediately after the end of their schooling. This is why an active employment policy is of paramount importance.

Active employment programmes play an increasingly prominent role in the development of the labour market, with substantial benefits not only for the general population but also for the business sector. These programmes help unemployed persons enter the labour market, contributing to their social and labour inclusion.

Active employment policy measures

Over the past few years, employment trends have begun to shift owing to economic growth. The employment of unemployed persons depends primarily on the economic situation and can be further stimulated by active employment measures and other labour market incentives. The former may generate additional motivation for unemployed persons and offer them additional training to upgrade their competences, which increases their employability and brings them closer to employers. It is a fact that only qualified individuals can have productive jobs that bring higher added value and boost the competitiveness of the Slovenian economy.

Vulnerable groups in the labour market

The demand for labour force has increased due to economic growth, consequently reducing the number of unemployed persons while significantly increasing structural unemployment. 

Currently, active employment measures and other labour market services are targeting the most vulnerable population groups in the labour market. Despite a favourable economic situation, these groups remain less competitive: on the one hand the long-term unemployed, often older persons lacking adequate qualifications, and on the other first-time job-seekers.

Implementation of employment programmes

Most active employment programmes for the unemployed are implemented by the Employment Service, which also keeps a record of registered unemployed persons and follows current employment trends in the labour market. The Employment Service helps unemployed persons plan their careers, offers counselling and motivation. When seeking job opportunities and drawing up the employment and career plan for each individual, several aspects are taken into consideration, in particular the individual’s professional competences, employment interests, mobility, employment-seeking skills, and possible shortcomings or barriers preventing the individual from actively joining the labour market.

Active employment programmes for employed persons are implemented by the Public Scholarship, Development, Disability and Maintenance Fund.