National vocational qualifications
A national vocational qualification is a formal acknowledgement that a person is qualified to practise a certain profession, regardless of how they have acquired the necessary knowledge and skills. There are many different paths to a profession; some go through a formal education system and some through self-education, work experience and the development of personal characteristics.
In the modern world school certificates are losing their role as a primary guarantor of professional competence. Certification models for the verification and recognition of knowledge acquired in informal ways are being developed across Europe. The methods for measuring competence are increasingly focused on the ability to mobilise knowledge, skills, habits and attitudes in order to perform tasks in various situations. A person who acquired a vocational qualification can use it when applying for a job or pursuing further schooling, demonstrating that they have mastered part of an education programme.