Regulation of hunting
Game species populations have an important role to play in the ecosystems due to their size, abundance, spatial distribution and development. For a variety of reasons, the self-regulating mechanisms which help natural ecosystems maintain balance are nowadays curtailed. As a result, and in view of the impact of certain species on the cultural landscape, populations have to be brought into line with human activities and are consequently identified as hunting populations. Game refers to wild animal species that can be hunted.
The game species in Slovenia include red deer, fallow deer, roe deer, chamois, alpine ibex, mouflon, wild boar, brown hare, alpine marmot, edible dormouse, nutria, muskrat, fox, raccoon dog, jackal, pine marten, stone marten, badger, grey partridge, common pheasant, mallard duck, jay, magpie and hooded crow.
Representatives of large carnivores – bear, wolf and lynx – are not referred to as game. Large carnivores are managed by the Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning.
In Slovenia, there are 411 hunting grounds and 12 special purpose hunting grounds in which game is managed by hunting clubs and operators of special purpose hunting grounds that are grouped together into regional associations for the purpose of the sustainable management of game. The umbrella organisation in the field of hunting is the Hunting Association of Slovenia, which brings together all hunting clubs and other societies whose activities relate to game, hunting and nature protection. The Slovenia Forest Service performs a public service in the area of game management, while the operators of hunting grounds and of special purpose hunting grounds perform certain tasks under public service conditions.