Agriculture in figures
In 2017 agriculture, together with hunting, forestry and fishing, contributed 2.1% to total added value and 7.4% to total employment. In recent years there has been some improvement in labour productivity, while the age structure of farm managers remains unfavourable (the average age of farm managers is 57 years).
Slovenia has limited areas of agricultural land for food production, particularly in less-favoured areas (76% of the total agricultural area). At a slightly larger extent of agricultural areas currently in use (480 ha), an average agricultural holding utilises 6.9 hectares of agricultural area. A high proportion of farms are subsistence holdings, while market-oriented farmers link to larger or smaller value chains. Animal husbandry remains the predominant production direction. It accounts for 80% of all agricultural holdings.
A reduction in the negative impacts of agriculture on the environment has been seen in recent years, which is a result of more rational use of pesticides and mineral fertilizers, of an increase in the share of legumes in crop rotation, and of an increase in under-represented agricultural plants within sowing schemes. Natura 2000 sites in Slovenia comprise 25% of the territory designated for the conservation of important bird species or 33% for the conservation of important habitats, which is almost double the EU average. In 2017 there was also another increase in the agricultural areas to be used for organic farming.
More detailed information is provided in annual agricultural state reports prepared by the Agricultural Institute of Slovenia.