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The Judicial Council is a state authority that, in accordance with the Constitution, does not fall under any of the branches of power; in the process of the appointment of judges, it ensures cooperation between the legislative, executive and judicial branches. Its tasks include protecting the independence of judges and the judiciary and promoting and ensuring the accountability, efficiency and quality of work of the judiciary.

The primary responsibility of the Judicial Council is selecting candidates for judicial offices in the candidate selection process and proposing one candidate for one judicial office to the National Assembly. In addition, it adopts qualitative criteria for the assessment of the work of judges, decides on the promotion of judges, may lodge requests for the evaluation of judicial service in respect of a particular judge and may request official supervision over the work of a particular judge. The Judicial Council appoints and dismisses presidents of courts and decides on appeals of judges who believe that their independent position or the independence of the judiciary have been violated.

It consists of 11 members. The National Assembly elects five members on the proposal of the President of the Republic from among university professors of law, attorneys and other lawyers, while judges holding permanent judicial office elect six members from among their ranks.