Environmental protection is important for European development
When Slovenia joined the EU, the European regulations which greatly contributed to achieving the targets of environmental protection and nature conservation were transposed into the national legislation through the Environmental Protection Act and the Nature Conservation Act.
The Council Directive on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment, replaced by Directive 2011/92/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council, determines that an environmental impact assessment be carried out prior to activities that significantly affect the environment.
Directive 2001/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment lays down the implementation of strategic environmental assessment and thus provides that environmental aspects form part of the preparation and adoption of such plans and programmes.
Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora stipulates an impact acceptability assessment for protected areas and thus contributes towards conservation of biodiversity, favourable status of natural habitats, and protection of endangered plants and animals.
Plans, programmes and activities affecting the environment that extend beyond national borders are governed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe’s (UNECE) Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (the Espoo Convention) and the Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment (the SEA Protocol) to the Espoo Convention. There is an agreement to comply with the requirements between EU Member States and other parties to the Espoo Convention.